You might be here because you encountered an error like this:

staticx: Unsupported PyInstaller input

One or more libraries included in the PyInstaller archive uses unsupported RPATH/RUNPATH tags:

  /tmp/staticx-pyi-5ys8gizg/libbar.so: DT_RUNPATH='/bogus/absolute/path'
  /tmp/staticx-pyi-5ys8gizg/libfoo.so: DT_RUNPATH='/bogus/absolute/path'

This page will attempt to explain the problem.


RPATH and RUNPATH are a feature of the GNU dynamic linker/loader. These are entries in the .dynamic section which allow a dynamic executable or library to augment or override the preconfigured library path list of the dynamic loader (ld.so).

See also: RPATH on Wikipedia

Why are RPATH / RUNPATH problematic?

These options can circumvent StaticX’s ability to maintain positive control of the library search path used by ld.so. By doing so, they can allow target-system libraries to be undesirably loaded, possibly causing symbol errors or runtime crashes. After all, StaticX’s modus operandi is to only execute code included in the bundled archive.

Since StaticX works by setting RPATH on the bundled user executable, there is no need for any of the bundled libraries to use RPATH/RUNPATH. Because of this, StaticX will strip RPATH/RUNPATH entries from any library added to the archive. However, StaticX cannot modify libraries which are already included in the archive of a PyInstaller application.


RPATH is allowed in PyInstaller-included libraries as long as the path is relative to $ORIGIN (the directory where the dynamic executable lives).

If StaticX is complaining about RPATH, it is probably because the library is referencing an absolute path (e.g. /usr/local/lib).


RUNPATH is even more problematic, because it causes ld.so to completely disregard the RPATH set by the StaticX bootloader at program launch. For this reason, RUNPATH is always forbidden.

Unfortunately, this problem is becoming more common since GNU ld now defaults to emitting RUNPATH when the -rpath option is given.

So what do I do now?

Unfortunately, fixing a problematic PyInstaller-generated executable is not straightforward. The goal is to remove the problematic libraries or replace them with builds which do not use RUNPATH. (A build which uses RPATH is probably acceptable, see above.)

One can sometimes fix this problem by adding --disable-new-dtags to CFLAGS when building/installing a Python package which uses native extensions. The best way to do this is to install them from source into a virtual environment.


  • The underlying issue was originally described in #169.

  • The auditing check which emits this error was added in #173, and updated in #208.